The Way of Death at Carrowkeel

(please note, parts of the discussion about the mortuary practice is quite graphic in nature and may not be suitable for all audiences).

The first detailed investigation of the human remains from the Carrowkeel passage tomb complex since their excavation in 1911 has revealed several new and important insights about life, death, and mortuary practice in Neolithic Ireland. This project was carried out by Doctors Thomas Kador, Lara Cassidy, Jonny Geber, Robert Hensey, Pádraig Meehan and Sam Moore in a multidisciplinary project that combined archaeology, osteoarchaeological examination of human remains and DNA analysis to gain new insights into Neolithic Ireland. In this edition of the Amplify Archaeology Podcast Neil was joined by Lara Cassidy, Pádraig Meehan, Robert Hensey, and Thomas Kador for a group discussion on the exciting results of the project, and how it sheds light onto life and death in Neolithic Ireland.

Some of the discussion includes the results of the osteological analysis of the human remains. This analysis provides the first conclusive proof for the occurrence of dismemberment of the dead at Irish passage tombs, practised contemporarily with cremation as one of a suite of funerary treatments. The research also highlights changes in burial tradition at the complex over the course of the Neolithic, and provides a chronology for these changes that allows them to be linked to wider trends in monument construction. Multi-isotope analysis hints at the presence of non-local individuals among the interred and the possible existence of different food sourcing areas at the onset of the later Neolithic period. Intriguingly, the preliminary results from ancient DNA sequencing of six individuals from Carrowkeel provides evidence for the genetic ancestry of Irish Neolithic populations, demonstrating their Anatolian origins and links along the Atlantic façade.